Rheumatologist is a qualified physician, with an specialised training and experience in the diagnosis and treatment of arthritis, musculoskeletal conditions and various autoimmune disorders.
Arthritis means inflammation (pain, swelling) of the joint.
Arthritis patients will experience the following symptoms: pain and swelling of one or more joints, feel stiffness in the joints – more in the morning, redness and warmth of the affected joints, recurring pain and tenderness in the joints.
It is a wear and tear arthritis affecting mainly weight bearing joints ( e g Knee) seen in old people.
Obesity, repetitive kneeling, bending and squatting increases the risk of osteoarthritis.
No special diet is required for arthritis patients except Gout where low purine diet and limiting the alcohol are important.
The common rheumatological conditions are Rheumatoid Arthritis, Osteoarthritis, SLE(Lupus), Gout, CPPD, Scleroderma, MCTD, Polymyositis, Dermatomyositis, Polymyalgia Rheumatica, Giant cell arteritis, Osteoporosis, Osteomalacia, Rickets, Renal Tubular Acidosis, Takayasu’s, Wegener’s, Churg-strauss, Polyarteritis nodosa, Ankylosing Spondylitis, Psoriatic Arthritis, Reactive Arthritis, Enteropathic Arthritis, Juvenile idiopathic Arthritis, low back pain, Fibromyalgia, Tendinitis and bursitis.
A Rheumatologist helps in
- Making the correct diagnosis
- In treating the condition
- In recognizing the complications at an early stage
- In preventing further damage (Ex. joint deformities and contractures)